Thursday, September 24, 2015

Drake Hampton Othello Act 2 S/R Redo

Summary Response Outline

Summary:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
By the second act of Othello, a five act tragedy written by Shakespeare, the four main characters are already deeply wound in a web of love, jealousy, revenge, and treachery inspired by pride and self conceit.
  • Supporting ideas and explanations to prove main ideas
In act two Iago is like a chameleon because he changes his persona depending on who he is with and what he thinks they want to hear. He does this to deceive and manipulate them hoping to achieve his desired result. Through Iago’s soliloquies, asides, and actions, the viewer gains insight into Iago’s manipulative nature. He reveals his scheme to set up an affair between Cassio and Desdemona. Iago intends to be a saint in Othello’s eyes for offering him information of the affair. Iago uses these deceptions to bring about the downfall of Othello and Cassio.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
In Othello, Shakespeare accentuates how people wear masks to hide their pride and jealousy and achieve their goals.

Response:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb,correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays___________ because ___________ .
The second act of the Othello, accurately depicts the power that pride and jealousy have over Iago’s actions because of his commitment to bring about the downfall of Cassio.

Claim 1:
Iago is motivated to defame Cassio by his jealousy of Cassio’s position as Lieutenant.
    • Set-up
Othello and Desdemona go to bed and Iago reveals in a soliloquy that he plans to get Cassio drunk. Iago hopes that when Cassio is intoxicated, he will make rash decisions that will force Othello to relieve Cassio of his position. Iago is jealous of Cassio’s position so once Cassio is drunk he orders Roderigo to fight Cassio.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (Shakespeare 1.2.13-17).
Iago attempts to persuade Cassio and says, “Come, lieutenant, I have a stoup of wine; and here without are a brace of Cyprus gallants that would fain have measure to the health of black Othello” (Shakespeare 2.3.30-33).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim: explain quote, connect to claim
Iago ruins Cassio’s reputation in order to remove Cassio from his position. If Cassio is relieved of his duty, Iago will fill the vacant position he deserves. Iago allows jealousy to rule his actions and will stop at nothing to remove Cassio from his post.
  • Counterclaim 1:
However, to defame Cassio, Iago tempts Cassio with wine out of revenge so that when he gets drunk, he is forced to exploit his relationship with Desdemona.

  • Set-up
Iago gets Cassio drunk and hopes that he will make rash decisions that will force Othello to relieve Cassio of his position. Iago hopes that after Cassio is relieved, he will take his advice and seek Desdemona’s assistance to regain his former stature. Cassio does all of this to hurt Othello.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )
Iago thinks to himself, “If I can fasten but one cup upon him, With that which he had drunk tonight already, He’llo be as full of quarrel and and offense As my young mistress; dog. Now my sick fool Roderigo” (Shakespeare 2.3.49-53).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim: explain quote, connect to claim
Iago is completely consumed with revenge like Montresor was in “Cask of Amontillado”. Iago wants revenge on Othello for awarding Cassio the title of Lieutenant. Iago lusts after revenge so much that he ruins Cassio’s reputation and sets the stage to hurt Othello. Like Montresor, Iago craves revenge because his pride was wounded by being looked down upon by someone.

  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument? (use rebuttal progression language)
Rebuttal Progression:
1st step: Describe a "naive response" or an opposing interpretation of your position. A "naive view" is a view that you personally disagree with or a view that misses something important. But don't use the word "naive." Say something like…
I used to think that...
A common view is that...
At first glance...
Many think that....
X argues that...
Critics of ____ propose...

Many think Iago is merely motivated by his jealousy of Cassio’s position as Lieutenant to defame Cassio.
2nd step: Briefly explain the logic or reasoning of this "naive view." Answer the question, "Why would someone think this way? Why would they find their answer or solution logical or reasonable?" Why did I think this way? Say something like...
We cannot deny that...
This way of making sense of the position makes a degree of sense [why?]
This position seems reasonable [why?]
I can understand why someone might interpret X in this way [explain how so]
These conclusions seem compelling [why?]

We cannot deny that Iago was jealous of Cassio because Cassio had what Iago wanted.
3rd step: Provide a transition that indicates that you are going to contrast this "naive view." Say something like...
However...
But it's more complicated than that...
This interpretation is helpful, but it misses an important point...
This interpretation raises a fundamental question...
While this view seems plausible/reasonable at first glance, we should look closer...

However, it’s more complicated than that because although Iago was jealous of Cassio, his real focus was revenge on Othello. When Othello made Cassio Lieutenant instead of Iago it wounded Iago’s pride because he thought he was better suited than Cassio. Iago’s actions indicate that Iago hates Othello because he wanted Othello to be punished. Another example of how wounded pride can be a motivator for revenge is the character Montresor in “Cask of Amontillado.” Montresor hated Fortunato because of how Fortunato insulted his pride. Montresor also wanted Fortunato to be punished. Like Montresor, Iago is pursuing revenge and is very determined to have his way.

  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
In the second act of Othello, Iago’s behavior is a perfect example of how people allow jealousy and revenge to rule over their actions.

Friday, September 18, 2015

Othello act 2 S/R Drake


Summary Response Outline

Summary:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
In the second act of the tragedy Othello, Shakespeare captures the attention of the audience with Iago’s two-faced treachery.
  • Supporting ideas and explanations to prove main ideas
In Iago’s soliloquies, asides and actions, the viewer gains insight to Iago’s manipulative scheme to set up a scenario where Cassio is having an affair with Desdemona, and Iago seems like a saint to Othello for offering information of their affair. When Iago is around different friends, he exchanges personalities. He uses these personalities to bring about the downfall of Othello and Cassio.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
Iago deliberately manipulates people for his personal gain with a variety of personalities.

Response:*compare Iago to Montresor*
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb,correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays___________ because ___________ .
The second act of the tragedy Othello, accurately depicts the power that pride and jealousy have over Iago’s actions.
  • Claim 1:
Iago is motivated by his jealousy of Cassio’s position as Lieutenant to defame Cassio.
    • Set-up
Othello and Desdemona have gone to bed and Iago reveals in a soliloquy that he plans to get Cassio drunk. Iago is hoping that when Cassio is intoxicated, he will make rash decisions that will force Othello to relieve Cassio of his position. Iago is jealous of Cassio’s position so once Cassio is drunk he orders Roderigo to fight Cassio.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (Shakespeare 1.2.13-17).
Iago attempts to persuade Cassio and says, “Come, lieutenant, I have a stoup of wine; and here without are a brace of Cyprus gallants that would fain have measure to the health of black Othello.” (Shakespeare 2.3.30-33)
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim: explain quote, connect to claim
Iago ruins Cassio’s reputation to remove Cassio from his position. If Cassio was relieved of his duty, then Iago would have filled the vacant position that he deserved. Iago allows jealousy to rule his actions and will stop at nothing to remove Cassio from his post.
  • Counterclaim 1:
However, Iago tempts Cassio with wine to defame him so that he is forced to exploit his relationship with Desdemona to get his position back so it seems like they are having an affair.
    • Set-up
Iago gets Cassio drunk and hopes that he will make rash decisions that will force Othello to relieve Cassio of his position. Iago hopes that after Cassio is relieved, he will take his advice and seek Desdemona’s assistance to regain his former stature. Cassio does all of this to hurt Othello.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )
Iago thinks to himself, “If I can fasten but one cup upon him, With that which he had drunk tonight already, He’llo be as full of quarrel and and offense As my young mistress; dog. Now my sick fool Roderigo.” (Shakespeare 2.3.49-53)
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim: explain quote, connect to claim
Iago ruins Cassio’s reputation to set the stage for hurting Othello. Iago wants revenge on Othello for awarding Cassio the title of Lieutenant. He craves revenge because his pride was wounded when Othello chose Cassio over him.

  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument? (use rebuttal progression language)
Rebuttal Progression:
1st step: Describe a "naive response" or an opposing interpretation of your position. A "naive view" is a view that you personally disagree with or a view that misses something important. But don't use the word "naive." Say something like…
I used to think that...
A common view is that...
At first glance...
Many think that....
X argues that...
Critics of ____ propose...

Many think Iago is merely motivated by his jealousy of Cassio’s position as Lieutenant to defame Cassio.
2nd step: Briefly explain the logic or reasoning of this "naive view." Answer the question, "Why would someone think this way? Why would they find their answer or solution logical or reasonable?" Why did I think this way? Say something like...
We cannot deny that...
This way of making sense of the position makes a degree of sense [why?]
This position seems reasonable [why?]
I can understand why someone might interpret X in this way [explain how so]
These conclusions seem compelling [why?]

We cannot deny that Iago was jealous of Cassio because Cassio had what Iago wanted.
3rd step: Provide a transition that indicates that you are going to contrast this "naive view." Say something like...
However...
But it's more complicated than that...
This interpretation is helpful, but it misses an important point...
This interpretation raises a fundamental question...
While this view seems plausible/reasonable at first glance, we should look closer...

However, it’s more complicated than that because although Iago was jealous of Cassio, his real focus was revenge on Othello. When Othello made Cassio Lieutenant instead of Iago it wounded Iago’s pride because he thought he was better suited than Cassio. Iago’s actions indicate that Iago hates Othello because he was aiming to hurt Othello.

  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
In the second act of Othello, Iago is a perfect example of how people allow pride and jealousy to rule over their actions.

Wednesday, September 16, 2015

Bully S/R second redo Drake

Bully Summary and Response Second Redo
Drake H. and LinZi F.
September 13, 2015


Summary

Summary:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
The movie “Bully” by Lee Hirsch identifies the impact on how people view themselves and the world.

  • Supporting ideas and explanations to prove main ideas
The victims in “Bully” were suicidal and depressed because  their normal day would include being physically and verbally abused. The world to them was not fair but they knew nothing else than abuse to they endured it. The reason that they had these problems with depression and suicide was because they did not understand why they should live. Life for them was hell, so why endure it?

  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
As shown in “Bully” by Hirsch, bullying has an impact on what people think of other life and other people.

Response

  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb,correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays___________ because ___________ .
The movie “Bully” by Lee Hirsch correctly shows that bullying is a problem in schools because it has severe psychological and sometimes physical damage on kids and needs to be stopped.

  • Claim 1:Kids are bullied because they are too gentle and are afraid to retaliate.
    • Set-up
Kids endure it because they believe that they can be better than their aggressors. Alex’s father talked about how Alex overflowed with love. Alex could never hurt anyone else the way that they hurt him. Alex was always striving to be better than the bullies.

    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (        )
Mr. Libby recounts Alex saying, “I want to be the bigger man. I want to be better than them.” (Hirsch).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim: explain quote, connect to claim
Alex was bullied daily. When people saw it happen and started to go after them to get revenge, Alex stopped them. He demonstrated how much character he had by telling them, “Don't be like them. Be better.” Alex did not allow jealousy, betrayal, pride, prejudice,  power, gender, race, and revenge to rule his choices. Alex did not retaliate because he possessed more character than the bullies. If Alex were one of the boys on the island in Lord of the Flies, he would be like one of the littuns that Roger abused because he was so innocent and had no power.

  • Counterclaim 1: However, ....
However, kids are bullied because they are afraid to stand up to their aggressors, not because they are to gentle.
    • Set-up
Not everyone is born with large amounts of courage, but everyone should stand up for what they believe in. Alex convinced himself that the kids were just “messing around and having fun”. His father explained to him that he needs to stand up for himself instead of letting them bully him. Alex did not heed his father’s advice because he was not convinced and knew no better.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )
Mr. Libby confronted Alex about being bullied and he said, “Stand up for yourself because if not people start seeing you as a punching bag and no one respects a punching bag” (Mr. Libby)

    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim: explain quote, connect to claim
Alex never had the courage to stand up to the bullies. Alex has been bullied almost every day of his life he has gone to school so he thinks that it is normal. Everyone that knows Alex takes advantage of him. It was already too late for Alex by the time he received his father’s advice because he had been a punching bag since day one and everyone punched him. Everyone needs to stand up for themselves and demand respect so that they are not victimized.

  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument? (use rebuttal progression language)
Rebuttal progression:


1st step: Describe a "naive response" or an opposing interpretation of your position. A "naive view" is a view that you personally disagree with or a view that misses something important. But don't use the word "naive." Say something like…
I used to think that...
A common view is that…
At first glance...
Many think that....
X argues that...
Critics of ____ propose…
A common view of bullying is that many kids have a choice over whether or not they are bullied and can stand up to their aggressors.

2nd step: Briefly explain the logic or reasoning of this "naive view." Answer the question, "Why would someone think this way? Why would they find their answer or solution logical or reasonable?" Why did I think this way? Say something like...
We cannot deny that...
This way of making sense of the position makes a degree of sense [why?]
This position seems reasonable [why?]
I can understand why someone might interpret X in this way [explain how so]
These conclusions seem compelling [why?]
This seems reasonable because people do need to stand up for themselves. Everyone should have courage to stand up for what they believe in.

3rd step: Provide a transition that indicates that you are going to contrast this "naive view." Say something like...
However...
But it's more complicated than that...
This interpretation is helpful, but it misses an important point...
This interpretation raises a fundamental question...
While this view seems plausible/reasonable at first glance, we should look closer…
However, it’s more complicated than that because people don’t always have a choice. Sometimes there is nothing the victim can do except turn the other cheek. People are bullied because they are easily made victims. Some people are born very tough and others are born gentle, and kind. The bullies are the tough kids who have been victimized by someone else so they take it out on the innocent gentle kids. The only difference is that they react in a different way.

  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
“Bully” by Hirsch acknowledges that bullying is wrong and people should stand up to people who are bullies because the victim does not have a say in the matter.

Strong Verb List:
Tells, explains, compares, describes, gives, presents, lists, shows, defines, demonstrates, acknowledges, evaluates, classifies, adds, explores, confuses, advises, expresses, defends, asserts, features, depicts, assures, furnishes, encourages, blames, identifies, entertains, confirms, names, illustrates, confronts, offends, invites, considers, offers, judges, contrasts, predicts, misjudges, critiques, proposes, praises, demonstrates, provides, recommends, denounces, traces, simplifies, discourages, answers, solves, endorses, asks, suggests, entices, captures, supports, enumerates, classifies, teaches.

Sunday, September 13, 2015

Bully S/R redo Drake

Bully Summary and Response Redo
Drake H. and LinZi F.
September 13, 2015


Summary

Summary:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
The movie “Bully” by Lee Hirsch identifies the impact on how people view themselves and the world.

  • Supporting ideas and explanations to prove main ideas
The victims in “Bully” were suicidal and depressed because  their normal day would include being physically and verbally abused. The world to them was not fair but they knew nothing else than abuse to they endured it. The reason that they had these problems with depression and suicide was because they did not understand why they should live. Life for them was hell, so why endure it?

  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
Bullying has an impact on what people think of other life and other people.


Response

  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb,correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays___________ because ___________ .
The movie “Bully” by Lee Hirsch correctly identifies that bullying is a problem in schools.

  • Claim 1:
    • Set-up
Kids are bullied because they are too kind and loving to retaliate. They endure it because they believe that they can be better than their aggressors.

    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (        )
Alex Libby’s dad recounts Alex saying, “I want to be the bigger man” (Hirsch).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim: explain quote, connect to claim
Alex’s father is talking about how Alex overflowed with love. He could never hurt anyone else the way that they hurt him. Alex was always striving to be better than the bullies. Humans are left with a choice. They can choose to be scum or they can choose to do the right thing. Alex did not allow jealousy, betrayal, pride, prejudice,  power, gender, race, and revenge to rule his choices. Everyone should strive to do the same.

  • Counterclaim 1: However, ....
However, kids are bullied because they are afraid to stand up to their aggressors.
    • Set-up
Not everyone is born with large amounts of courage, but everyone should stand up for what they believe in.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )
Mr. Libby was talking to Alex about being bullied and he said, “Stand up for yourself because if not people start seeing you as a punching bag and no one respects a punching bag” (Mr. Libby)

    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim: explain quote, connect to claim
Alex convinces himself that the kids are just “messing around and having fun”. His father explains to him that he needs to stand up for himself instead of letting them bully him. Alex never had the courage to stand up to the bullies. He knows nothing other than being bullied so he thinks that it is normal. Everyone needs to stand up for themselves and demand respect so that they are not victimized.

  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument? (use rebuttal progression language)
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
Although people should stand up to other people when they are bullied they do not always have a choice. That is where the people around the bully and the bullied person need to step in to stop the bullying. It is not just the responsibility of the person being bullied to stop the bully.

Strong Verb List:
Tells, explains, compares, describes, gives, presents, lists, shows, defines, demonstrates, acknowledges, evaluates, classifies, adds, explores, confuses, advises, expresses, defends, asserts, features, depicts, assures, furnishes, encourages, blames, identifies, entertains, confirms, names, illustrates, confronts, offends, invites, considers, offers, judges, contrasts, predicts, misjudges, critiques, proposes, praises, demonstrates, provides, recommends, denounces, traces, simplifies, discourages, answers, solves, endorses, asks, suggests, entices, captures, supports, enumerates, classifies, teaches.


Rebuttal progression:


1st step: Describe a "naive response" or an opposing interpretation of your position. A "naive view" is a view that you personally disagree with or a view that misses something important. But don't use the word "naive." Say something like…
I used to think that...
A common view is that…
At first glance...
Many think that....
X argues that...
Critics of ____ propose…

A common view of bullying is that many kids have a choice over whether or not they are bullied and can stand up to their aggressors.


2nd step: Briefly explain the logic or reasoning of this "naive view." Answer the question, "Why would someone think this way? Why would they find their answer or solution logical or reasonable?" Why did I think this way? Say something like...
We cannot deny that...
This way of making sense of the position makes a degree of sense [why?]
This position seems reasonable [why?]
I can understand why someone might interpret X in this way [explain how so]
These conclusions seem compelling [why?]

This seems reasonable because people do need to stand up for themselves. Everyone should have courage to stand up for what they believe in.

3rd step: Provide a transition that indicates that you are going to contrast this "naive view." Say something like...
However...
But it's more complicated than that...
This interpretation is helpful, but it misses an important point...
This interpretation raises a fundamental question...
While this view seems plausible/reasonable at first glance, we should look closer…

However, it’s more complicated than that because people don’t always have a choice. If it is one against 5 it is not fair. There is nothing they can do except turn the other cheek. They also might not retaliate because they believe that they can be better than the bullies.